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Africa

Louise Mushikiwabo

 KIGALI – Twenty years ago this week, the genocide against Rwanda’s Tutsis, the most brutally efficient killing spree in history, began. As the international community looked on – capable of intervening but unwilling to act – more than one million Tutsis and others who stood in the way of the atrocities were slaughtered. I count many in my own family among them.

 The anniversary is wrenching for Rwanda, and yet we owe it to the victims and survivors – and to ourselves – to reckon squarely with the events of 1994. The genocide against the Tutsi was neither entirely unforeseen nor spontaneous. It was not a savage outburst of innate African tribalism. It was the outcome of a methodical, state-orchestrated campaign over decades to dehumanize Tutsis as a means to amass power.

Although the European Union and its Member States continued to be the world’s largest aid donor in 2013, EU Commissioner for Development Andris Piebalgs called on Member States to intensify efforts to increase development aid.

According to the Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the EU is the world’s largest donor in 2013 providing more than half of the Official Development Assistance (ODA).

Figures published today show that EU collective ODA (EU institutions and Member States) increased from €55.3 billion in 2012 to €56.5 billion in 2013, after two consecutive years of decline. However, EU’s collective ODA remained at 0.43% of its Gross National Income (GNI), same level as the year before.