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Illustration: John Holmes for Human Rights Watch report on Jail Ogaden  Solomon A Dersso, PhD, Addis Abeba, December 14/2018 - Addressing the topic of transitional justice and reconciliation in today's Ethiopia is perhaps one of, if not, the most difficult one. Transitions, which are characterized by

"Let us stand together to say: Never again shall a few people oppress us as a nation. Never again shall the beautiful smiling Coast experience a tyranny of the minority against the majority," President Adama Barrow on Launching Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Gambia on

Left: the Welayita people traditional dance; right: Sidama girls celebrating Chembelala, the Sidama people’s new year festival

Belachew Mekuria (PhD), for Addis Standard

Addis Abeba, November 28/2018 – In post-cold war East Africa, two contradictory yet concurrent events – integration and disintegration of states – are in the making. While in neighboring Ethiopia and Sudan we had witnessed two countries becoming four (Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan and Republic of Sudan), other five East African nations – Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda – are moving fast forward to federate and integrate to become the East African Federation. One being driven by nationalist movements against oppressive authoritarianism, the other with a motive of reaping the economic dividend out of unity-with a motto of  ‘one people one destiny’ – where there could be free movement of goods, capital and labor. As noted by Gidon, ‘deep tides of nationalist feelings and powerful financial and market interests are running in opposite directions’ in this same part of Eastern Africa. (Gottlieb, Gidon, (1994), ‘Nations without state,’ Foreign Affairs, Vol. 73, p112)